Four factors that contribute to poor living conditions are unequal wealth distribution, disease, colonization and past inequalities as well as bad governance and corruption.
Unequal wealth distribution: An unequal wealth distribution is a large contributory factor to poverty, and therefore poor living conditions in countries all over the world. In March this year, IOL reported World Bank statistics which claimed that in South Africa, “The bottom 50% of households account for only 8% of incomes, 5% of asset values and 4% of net wealth. Conversely, the top 10% of households account for 55% of household incomes, 69% of total household asset values and 71% of household net wealth,”
Disease: According to a World Bank article, disease can contribute to poverty. As an example, the World Bank claimed, “A key indicator of progress in HIV/AIDS treatment and the situation of children affected by AIDS is school attendance by orphans. Orphans and vulnerable children are at higher risk of missing out on schooling, live in households with less food security, and are in greater danger of exposure to HIV.”
Colonisation and past inequalities: Colonization and past discrimination have left after-effects on current populations all over the world. For example, the after-effects of Apartheid means that black households still feel the effects of the era through their poor living conditions.
Bad governance and corruption: Bad governance and corruption can affect the living conditions of populations. This is because government organisations may not effectively implement solutions, and some may pocket the money meant to ease the living conditions of the population. That being said, it is no secret that the South African government does face issues of poor governance and corruption.