Child marriage will cost African countries tens of billions of dollars in lost earnings and human capital, reveals a new World Bank report launched on Wednesday, 21 November 2018.
It comes ahead of the African Union Commission’s second week on the African Girls Summit, taking place in Ghana this, to ending child marriage.
According to the ‘Educating Girls and Ending Child Marriage: A Priority for Africa’ report, more than three million (or one third of) girls in Sub-Saharan Africa marry before their 18th birthday each year.
Today, the region has the highest prevalence of child marriage in the world. Child brides are much more likely to drop out of school and complete fewer years of education than their peers who marry later, according to the report.
They are also more likely to have children at a young age, which affects their health as well as the education and health of their children, it added.
While many African countries have achieved gender parity in primary education, girls lag behind boys at the secondary level.
In Sub-Saharan Africa, whereas seven out of 10 girls complete primary education, only four out of 10 complete lower secondary school, the report continued.
On average, women who have a secondary education are more likely to work and they earn twice as much as those with no education, according to the report which said estimates for 12 countries – which account for half of the African continent’s population – suggest that through its impact on girls’ education, child marriage is costing these countries $63 billion in lost earnings and human capital wealth.
“Primary education for girls is simply not sufficient. Girls reap the biggest benefits of education when they are able to complete secondary school, but we know that girls very often don’t stay in school if they marry early,” said Quentin Wodon, Lead Economist at the World Bank and principal author of the report.
Child marriage also leads to high fertility rates and population growth, the report pointed out. “If child marriage were ended today, lower population growth would lead to higher standards of living, especially for the poorest.”
The report confirms that keeping girls in school is one of the best ways to avoid child marriage. Each year of secondary education reduces the likelihood of marrying as a child before the age of 18 by five percentage points or more, stated the report.