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List three advantages and three disadvantages of the use of genetically modified organisms

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List three advantages and three disadvantages of the use of genetically modified organisms

Three advantages of GMOs include nutritional value, insect resistance and higher yields whilst three disadvantages include allergies, the need for more toxic herbicides as well as cross-pollination field contamination.

The debate around genetically modified organisms or GMOs is a heated one, to say the least. Many individuals are incredibly excited for this great scientific innovation whilst others question its validity, where there have even been protests against the organisms.  Here are some arguments from both sides:

Three advantages of GMOs include:

It can assist with nutrition: Crops can be modified so that they include all essential nutrients. This can help those in poverty get the nutrition they need through less food that costs less.

Inherent insect resistance: Some crops can be modified to include inherent resistance to insects, meaning harmful pesticides do not need to be used.

Higher yields: GMO crops can be modified to produce a high amount of yield which could meet ever-growing food demands.

Three disadvantages of GMOs include

Allergies: Some claim that individuals may be allergic to some non-indigenous substances used to modify the crop.

It can increase the need for carcinogenic herbicides: The majority of GMO crops are said to be intolerant to most herbicides, creating the need for an increase in toxic herbicides.

Field contamination: Due to cross-pollination, GMO crops could contaminate other fields; the real-life results of which are unknown.

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